Hyaluronic acid is a substance shaped naturally by the body. It is found in almost all cells: in cartilage, bones, joints, the eyes, and even in the gums. But the skin is its most fantastic reserve, containing 50% of all the hyaluronic acid present in the body”,
hyaluronic acid is found in numerous tissues and organs of the human body, such as the epidermis, cartilage, connective tissue, synovial fluid and eyes.
Aesthetic medicine has successfully used the properties of hyaluronic acid in different regenerative and trauma treatments and therapies. This article will show its applications and benefits.
In the joints, it is found in the synovial fluid of the intra-articular cavities and gives them viscosity. Therefore, it is a powerful ally in the prevention of joint damage.
It is currently used mainly in two different areas: cosmetics and aesthetics on the one hand and rehabilitation and traumatology on the other.
Functions Of Hyaluronic Acid
Hyaluronic acid is generate inside the body and is responsible for essential functions, including:
The conservation of the hydration levels of the dermis provides an essential regenerative effect on the skin, given its ability to accumulate water. Therefore, the use of products comprising this active ingredient gives volume to the skin and reduces the appearance of wrinkles.
- They plays an essential role in the epidermis. It serves to enhance the elasticity of the skin. It improves the hydration of the epidermis tissues and helps the formation of cartilage. Drives and accelerates the synthesis process carried out by the ribosomes of the cells to generate collagen.
- Is part of the synovial fluid that surrounds the joints. It protects it and performs a function similar to grease in gears. But, on the other hand, it serves as a cushion against any impact, preventing the bones from rubbing against each other.
- It is present in the tendons and ligaments. These structures that connect the muscle with the bone are made up of connective tissue where hyaluronic acid is found, giving them elasticity during movement.
What Causes A Lack Of Hyaluronic Acid?
The aesthetic doctor “Every day, the human body degrades and re-synthesizes approximately a third of all the hyaluronic acid it contains and, in addition, it is destroy after 20-25 years”.
At 40 years of age, hyaluronic acid reserves exceed 50%, but after 60, only 10% of them remain. The causes of this are due to a mixture of internal and external factors: genetic, environmental, and the adopted lifestyle.
Genetic factors. In adolescence, the estrogen level is high, the face contour is well define, and the skin is smooth and elastic. However, hormone levels and the number of cells that give volume to the skin decrease over the years, The arrival of menopause accelerates this.
Environmental factors. Prolonged exposure to sunlight causes the progressive degradation of hyaluronic acid and collagen in the skin.
The lifestyle. Carrying a healthy lifestyle and eating habits affects the state of the skin. In addition, the consumption of nicotine and other tobacco chemicals decreases the properties of hyaluronic acid.
What Symptoms Does a Lack of Hyaluronic Acid Produce?
Certain factors such as solar radiation, tobacco, or lack of sleep, increase the production of free radicals. These, in turn, affect the decrease in hyaluronic acid and also slow down its production. The damage that this cause does not take long. to become visible. Among the evident symptoms are:
- Loss of flexibility and inflexibility of the skin.
- The appearance of wrinkles.
- Skin dehydration.
- Tightness, thinning and loss of density in the skin
Benefits Of Hyaluronic Acid
Both in aesthetics and medicine, many benefits are obtain from applying hyaluronic acid. These include the following:
- Maintains good skin hydration; it can hydrate even its deepest layers, helping to maintain its thickness, volume and smoothness. Therefore, it is use to prevent or delay the appearance of wrinkles.
- Useful in the treatment of degenerative diseases of the joints. In conditions such as osteoarthritis, it is increasingly common to perform infiltrations of this substance to reduce pain and regenerate cartilage. Scientific studies have shown its efficiency in relieving the symptoms of osteoarthritis.
- It improves healing and regenerates the gums and the oral mucosa. It is also use in the surgical treatment of temporomandibular joint dysfunction.
Uses Of Hyaluronic Acid
Many of the beautifying products on the market contain obtained by synthesis, which manages to penetrate the skin, mix with natural and promote the production of this substance and the formation of collagen. Among the forms of presentation of this substance are:
They have repaired and restructured action with an anti-wrinkle effect since they increase elasticity and cell metabolism.
Eye Contour Gel
These gels typically contain retinol, collagen, and hyaluronic acid and offer intense hydration and wrinkle reduction.
They are base on collagen and are use to treat the signs of ageing.
Intensive Repair Spray For The Skin
These are often use to repair the skin and provide long-lasting hydration.
Preventive measures in the use of hyaluronic acid
Although hyaluronic acid supplements can provide many benefits, they are not recommended for use by people with certain health conditions, such as:
- People are taking drugs that affect blood clotting.
- Those who are allergic to meat or eggs.
- Those with haemophilia.
- Also People who had an infection or skin disease near the affected joint.
This substance can attract and retain water, keeping these tissues in good condition. However, in the ageing process, it gradually begins to decrease, and as a result, the skin becomes saggy, loses its firmness and elasticity, and the dreaded wrinkles appear.
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